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Back to Ukrainians Part Five

Solzhenitsyn and the 'Russian Question', Part 24

Who are the Ukrainians? - Part Six,

Map of area claimed to be Ukraine in 1919

Essay first published in Church and State, No. 154, October-December, 2023.
The full text can be downloaded in PDF format here

Petliura in Kiev
Divisions in the Directory
The 'Whites'
The 'Greens'
The Makhnovishchina